Arise Nursing

Arise Nursing

Arise Nursing

Call Us


Immunisation, also known as vaccination, is one of the most impactful interventions in human history and has changed the dynamics of public health. In practice, it stimulates the body’s immune system to recognise and defend against specific pathogens. Also, vaccines prevent diseases, reduce morbidity and mortality, and protect individuals and communities from infectious threats. 



At its core, immunisation employs the body’s natural defence mechanisms to fight infectious agents. Vaccines contain weakened or inactivated forms of pathogens, specific proteins, or genetic material that stimulate the immune system to produce antibodies and memory cells. Upon encountering the actual pathogen in the future, the immune system can mount a rapid and targeted response, neutralizing the threat before it causes illness. This process not only protects vaccinated individuals but also contributes to herd immunity, reducing the overall transmission and prevalence of diseases within communities.

Why should one get Immunisation?

The benefits of immunisation extend far beyond individual protection, yielding outstanding public health benefits. Immunisation programs have led to the eradication of smallpox, the near-elimination of polio, and significant reductions in the incidence of diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, and pertussis. When outbreaks are prevented, vaccines save lives, and there is a reduction in healthcare costs, and an alleviation of the burden on healthcare systems. Also, immunisation promotes equity by ensuring that all individuals, regardless of socioeconomic status or geographic location, have access to lifesaving vaccines and protection against infectious threats.

Immunisations are not without their challenges:

Despite its remarkable success, immunisation faces several challenges and controversies. These include vaccine hesitancy, which is fueled by misinformation, mistrust, and complacency. It poses a significant barrier to achieving high vaccination coverage rates. Debates surrounding vaccine safety, adverse effects, and government mandates have led to a lot of doubt and resistance in some communities. More so, logistical barriers such as vaccine storage, distribution, and access in remote or underserved areas present challenges for immunisation programs worldwide. There are several ways to address these problems, which include education, communication, community engagement, and policy interventions.

Moving forward,

Immunisation is a major cornerstone of public health. There are continuous efforts to expand vaccine coverage, improve vaccine delivery, and develop new vaccines against emerging infectious threats. Advancements in vaccine technology, such as mRNA vaccines, offer promising opportunities for rapid vaccine development and deployment in response to pandemics and emerging diseases. Additionally, global collaboration and investment in research and development are essential to address gaps in vaccine coverage, strengthen health systems, and achieve equitable access to vaccines for all populations.